My research and teaching explores the cultural contributions of medieval English women (c. 600-1600) as audiences for and as writers, translators, and patrons of manuscripts and books. It has long been thought that medieval women were "chaste, silent, and obedient," to use the common phrase, and that they did not participate actively in intellectual and cultural affairs. However, we now know that the first autobiography that survives in English (The Book of Margery Kempe) was authored by a woman-- and the best-known military treatise in Europe through the eighteenth century (a version of Vegetius's De Re Militari) was compiled and translated by Christine de Pizan. These are only two examples of the contributions of female readers and writers in the Middle Ages. The introduction of women's voices expands and enriches our understanding of medieval culture in all its range and complexity.